Koi Feeding Guide

A Koi's metabolism functions best at temperatures above 70 F. High protein foods are difficult to digest when the water falls below 65 F.

However, Koi still need sufficient carbohydrates for energy when water temperatures are low. This is particularly true for Koi less than 1 year old. Squash, bread, peas, citrus fruits and watermelon are good sources of carbohydrates. Koi do not have a stomach.

Koi Food
Feed smaller quantities more frequently for better nutritional absorption. Feed only as much as the fish will eat in about 3 to 5 minutes. Koi pellets should be fresh and used within three months to prevent oxidation of the food

Temp 

Feeding Quantity

Food Type

less than 50 Do not feed Koi Temps. at 50 F of more than one month may require supplemental feedings of low protein high carbohydrate.
50 - 55 2-3 times a week if Koi are hungry High carbohydrate, low protein, laxative type foods. Wheat germ, Cheerios, squash, lettuce & brown bread.
55 - 59 4-5 times per week if Koi are hungry Add low protein (25%) pellets along with vegetables. Increase quantities gradually as temp. increases.
59 Once per day six days a week Low protein (25%) pellets along with high carbohydrate vegetables and fruit.
60 - 65 Once or twice per day everyday Gradually increase protein in pellets (35%) and quantity of pellets. Vary diet with vegetables and fruits.
65 - 72 Once or twice per day Bulk of diet should be 35% protein pellets.  Add fruits, vegetables and plankton for variety.
72 - 80 3-4 times a day High protein pellets (35% to 40%) with color enhancers. Add plankton, vegetables, fruits and shrimp

Hand Feeding Koi

In addition to the peace and tranquility of Pond Keeping, spending time with your Koi can be equally rewarding. Koi are very sociable and love a crowd of friends. They are less apt to be shy when they are in a large group.

Your Koi will eat from your hand, provided you have the patience to earn their trust and friendship. Here are a few helpful hints:

 

  • Feed them in the same place every time.
  • Drop a small handful of pellets and stay there to observe. 
  • The bravest or hungriest will start to eat and the rest will follow. 
  • They must see you when they eat. 
  • Don't walk away from the pond before they start to eat. 
  • Withhold food for a day if they won't eat in front of you.

Gradually, the Koi will equate you with food. This usually takes about 3 to 5 days. Tease them closer with small sprinklings of food. Put your hands in the water while they eat. The Koi will learn that food comes from your hand. Start with just a few pellets.

The bravest Koi will soon be nudging your hand. It is only a matter of time and all of your fish will swimming, jumping and splashing toward you every time you walk by the pond.

 

Please Note: Our website is not set up to calculate the shipping cost.  Unless it is specified that the item(s) being ordered come with "free shipping", the shipping cost will be calculated at the time the order is packaged and will be added to the Grand Total price of your order. If you would like an estimate on shipping, please contact us prior to submitting your order and we will be happy to check into that for you.